Grape figures, found in different
locations of Anatolia points out to the fact that growing grapes
has been the part of the culture for centuries.
In the period of Hittites; that
is 1800 – 1550 BC; grape growing and wine making was developed
and during religious ceremonies these were votive offerings to the
gods. Hittites had agricultural laws similar to today’s in
order to protect the vine yards. Historical coins with grape figures
were used in Western Anatolia.
Grape and wine have always played
an important social and commercial role in Western Anatolia. Yet,
through out the history the region’s major consumption has
been either as table grape or as dried fruit. Raisin juice, dried
layers of raisin pulp was also being produced.
ECONOMICAL VALUE AND
World sultana raisins production
differs from year to year due to weather conditions. The average
production is between 665,000 and 800,000 metric tons. Turkey ranked
as the second biggest producer of sultana raisins in 1999 crop season
with a tonnage of 214,000 metric tons that is 28% of the 755,900
metric tons of total world production.
Sultanas form an important part
of the agricultural exports in Turkey. Bigger portion of the sultanas
produced in Turkey is being exported. In 1999 season 191,126 metric
tons of sultanas which is 88% of the total production of that season,
were exported. Over 57,000 families earn their living from this
industry. It also has importance in different stages of domestic
and international marketing after production and for being involved
by many organizations.