The Black Sea region has the
ideal climatic conditions and soil for hazelnuts. Hazelnut is classified
under the flowering botanical group and is the only plant on earth
And fertilizing during the winter.
The green leaves of the female flower form the cup like cupula of
the hazelnut. There are several varieties of hazelnut. Hazelnuts
Our country are breeds of Corylus
Avellana and Corylus Maxima with heights reaching up to 5-6 meters.
After maturing in August, the
hazelnuts are dried, and after being treated through different processes,
brought to the Market in September and October. The most organized
Hazelnut Growing Areas
Grown along the between the
36-41 parallels of the world, and requiring a special limate, hazelnut
bush mostly bears fruit at places not more than 750-1000 meters
high and maximum of 30 kilometers from the seashore. Turkey, Italy,
Spain and the USA are the main hazelnut growing countries.
Turkey realize approximately
65-75 % of annual production of the world.
Turkish hazelnuts being a determinant
of standard of in the world, are divided into two as Giresun and
Levant, in t erms of quality.
Giresun quality is a premium
class whit ratio of fat in its content and taste, superior to all
hazelnuts in the world.
Levant quality is low in fat
content. Grown in Trabzon and some areas of Ordu, Samsun, Bolu,
Sakarya, Zonguldak and Bartin
of hazelnuts inshell stripped of their shells. Divided into three
Round hazelnut kernels: With diameters equal or slightly less than
Pointed hazelnut kernels: With
height slightly more than their diameters and tapering endes.
Other hazelnut kernels: Those
other than round and pointed hazelnuts.
Hazelnuts kernels are prepared
in extra, 1 and class 2. Extra and 1st class hazelnut kernels have
a minimum diameter of 9 mm. Those below this size are named thin
or piccola (6-9 mm.) hazelnuts.
Extra and 1st class hazelnuts
are generally prepared in following sizes in accordance with the
requirement of the buyer:
a) 13-15 mm
b) 11-13 mm.
c) less than 11 mm.
2nd class hazelnut kernels do
not require a sizing.
Produced by removing the skin
of the hazelnut kernels and containing maximum 3% moisture. Its
color is slightly darker compared to blanched hazelnut.
Blanched hazelnut kernels are
prepared according to the standards involved by our Union.
Fields of use:
Directly consumed as snacks
and used as raw material in food industry.